Flap surgery in dental clinics is usually performed as a relief to periodontitis in patients. The surgery is aimed at removing the unreachable plaque and tartar that become the prime reason for gum disease. Deep pockets are formed due to the gum losing its grip over the teeth structure due to bacterial infection. These pockets accumulate unreachable plaque making periodontitis more intense and worse needing a flap surgery.
After a thorough x-ray, your periodontist accesses the area wherein the gums are affected with a tool. The procedure is performed post a small dose of oral anaesthesia. Then an incision is done in the area to separate the gums from the tooth. This is to access the bone tissue and teeth’s roots to discard the diseased gum tissue and clean the area.
If the surgeon finds any bone defect or damage, a repair graft can be performed at the same time. This encourages the regrowth of the bone ligament with the help of medications and growth factors. Your dentist makes sure the area is cleaned and is free of any plaque before sealing the gum line back.
People with poor oral hygiene are more prone to dental calculi, a form of stubborn plaque. When this condition is left unattended, gums are infected with bacteria losing their efficiency. This leads to loose teeth, bleeding gums with pain and discomfort, called periodontitis. As a solution to get rid of this condition, dentists offer a primary scaling and cleaning treatment. If this goes in vain and there are no signs of relief, a dental flap surgery is recommended.
As the process is done in coordination with anaesthesia, the patient feels no pain during the treatment. With advanced dental technology and meticulous techniques, the surgery can easily reconstruct and help regenerate the lost or damaged bone tissues. With antibiotics and oral medications, the patients can recover to normal activities within a couple of days.
The world is evolving and so is medical and dental technology. For a more advanced and easy way to treat periodontitis and access deeper tooth structures, Laser gum surgery has evolved.
Laser Assisted New Attachment Procedure – LANAP, is the on-demand surgical procedure among many dental hospitals.
The ultimate goal of a periodontal surgery is to restore the lost bone structure and regenerate the gum tissue. This reconstruction of the supporting tooth structures help strengthen the tooth treating the gum pockets. But due to fear of surgery, blood and post-surgical effects, many patients are stepping back from visiting a dental clinic. There evolved laser gum surgery.
Your periodontist adopts a strong yet harmless diode laser beam that is projected onto the affected area. The laser beam probes the infected area, cuts, burns and destroys the diseased gum and infected tissues. The LANAP technology is embraced in most of the present-day advanced dental clinics.
There is a visible reduction in the gum pockets and the bone tissue that is lost or removed due to the infection is regenerated. This is helpful to the patient as the gums are restored to their normal functioning and promoted dental health.
Patients are prescribed with painkillers and asked not to add solid or hard foods to their diet for a few days. Also, brushing is to be avoided in the surgery area while salted warm water pulling is advised so as to reduce swelling and pain.
When performed by a skilled surgeon, there are minimal or zero effects post the surgery. However, in some cases, teeth roots become sensitive and gums may be out of shape which can soon be overcome. But there is a possibility of infusion of harmful external bacteria into the bloodstream is possible with inexperienced surgery.
Not all the time and with everyone. Flap surgery is a solution to remove the diseased gum tissue and add protection to the teeth and gums from further damage. Periodic dental check-ups and double attention towards dental care is needed to avoid recurrence of the infection or new gum diseases.